So, what about the Jewish people and the Isrealite nation? Are they God’s chosen people, or not? Are they in some sort of favored category apart from all other people? What is the bottom line for the Isrealites, now that Jesus has come?
To complicate their condition even further, in the initial three decades after Jesus’ earthly ministry, the most consistent and vociferous opposition to the early Christian movement came from the national and religious leadership of the Jews. Although the Apostle Paul was faithful to take the Gospel of Christ “to the Jew first”, it was they who antagonized him to the point of repeatedly trying to kill him and undo the impact of his ministry.
So, what was the status of the Jewish people and nation in God’s sight in the mid-first century? Were they still “chosen” or “favored” by God? Are they spiritually different in some way to all other people of the time? What is their status today, nearly 2,000 years later?
The Acts of the Apostles, Part 68 – Outline (PDF)